Bunions are boney humps located at the base of the big toe (at the joint). They gradually cause the big toe joint to stick out while pushing the toe inwards towards the other toes. In some cases, bunions can occur on the outside of the foot at the base of the little toe and is called a bunionette. Symptoms of Bunions Bunions occur at the joint where weight is normally placed during walking and can cause discomfort. The problem may worsen overtime and may affect natural gait. Common Symptoms Include: Abnormal growth at base of big toe Corns or Calluses formation due to friction with shoes or other toes Swelling and soreness at the base of the big toe Pain when walking Bursitis of the foot In need of Rehabilitation for Bunions? Schedule an Appointment Today! If you have any questions, or want a consultation with a professional, feel free to call, or schedule an appointment online at any of our Bergen County or Passaic County offices in New Jersey. Choose from Glen Rock, Franklin Lakes, Fair Lawn, Ho-ho-kus/Ridgewood, and/or Clifton – we make it possible for you to visit any of our offices at your convenience. Causes Bunions progressively develop due to stress placed on the foot. Women are more likely to get bunions, which may be due to the types of shoes they wear. Narrow shoes or high heels place pressure on the bones of the foot, pushing them inwards. However, not all medical professionals agree on this theory. Common Causes: Genetic Predisposition Poor Foot Structure Arthritis Leg length differences (Bunions tend to form on longer leg) Imbalance of pressure while walking or standing Foot Injuries Foot Deformities Flat Feet Treatment For others who experience pain, the following is recommended: Rest Icing Avoiding narrow or high heeled footwear Orthodics Medications Steroid Injections Toe Spacers Bunion Sleeves Heating Pad Warm Foot Bath For cosmetic reasons or severe pain, surgery (a bunionectomy or osteotomy) may be necessary. A bunionectomy is where the part of the bone that sticks out is removed. In some sever cases, an osteotomy is performed to realign the bones of the foot that have been affected.